mosque proposed design Details
A mosque is the building in which Muslims worship God. Throughout Islamic history, the mosque was the centre of the
community and towns formed around this pivotal building. Nowadays, especially in Muslim countries mosques are found on
nearly every street corner, making it a simple matter for Muslims to attend the five daily prayers. In the West mosques are
integral parts of Islamic centers that also contain teaching and community facilities.
Mosques come in all shapes and sizes; they differ from region to region based on the density of the Muslim population in a
certain area. Muslims in the past and even today have made use of local artisans and architects to create beautiful,
There are however, certain features that are common to all mosques. Every mosque has a mihrab, a niche in the wall that
indicates the direction of Mecca; the direction towards which Muslims pray. Most mosques have a minbar (or pulpit) from
which an Islamic scholar is able to deliver a sermon or speech.
Other common features include, minarets, tall towers used to call the congregation to prayer. Minarets are highly visible
and are closely identified with mosques. Normally there is a large rectangular or square prayer area. It often takes the form
of a flat roof supported by columns or a system of horizontal beams supported by architraves. In other common mosque
designs, the roof consists of a single large dome on pendentives. There are usually separate prayer areas, with separate
entrances for both men and women.
Mosques have developed significantly over the past 1400 years. Many have courtyards containing decorative pools and
fountains, which originally supplied water for ablution before prayer. Nowadays however, more private bathroom and toilet
facilities are provided. Originally simple structures with earthen floors, now, mosque floors are usually covered with plush
carpet. They are more often than not decorated with straight lines of geometric designs that ensure Muslims stand in
straight rows to perform their five daily prayers.
There are never any images of life or statues in mosques, for in Islam it is forbidden that such things are kept or displayed. .
At times, the interior walls of the mosque are decorated with verses from the Quran in Arabic calligraphy, or with intricate
geometric designs. The patterns are made from a variety of materials including mosaics, stucco, stone, ceramics, and
wood. The more classical designs are referred to as arabesque, and they take the form of a radial grid in which circle and
star shapes are prominent. Designs can be both two, and three-dimensional.